General characteristics of an option. Option (finance) - Wikipedia


Updated Sep 18, What is a Stock Option?

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A stock option gives an investor the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a stock at an agreed upon price and date. There are two types of options: puts, which is a bet that a stock will fall, or callswhich is a bet that a stock will rise.

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Key Takeaways General characteristics of an option give a trader the right to buy or sell a stock at an agreed-upon price and date. There are two types of options: Calls and Puts. One contract represents shares of the underlying stock.

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American options can be exercised at any time between the purchase and expiration date. European options, which are less common, can only be exercised on the expiration date. Expiration Date Options do not only allow a trader to bet on a stock rising or falling but also enable the trader to choose a specific date when they expect the stock to rise or fall by.

  1. Option Pricing and Distribution Characteristics | SpringerLink
  2. The stock, bond, or commodity is called the underlying asset.

This is known as the expiration date. Strike Price The strike price determines whether an option should be exercised. It general characteristics of an option the price that a trader expects the stock to be above or below by the expiration date. If a trader is betting that International Business Machine Corp.

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IBM will rise in the future, they might buy a call for a specific month and a particular strike price. Contracts Contracts represent the number of options a trader may be looking to buy.

This lesson discusses listed options and then provides a description of their characteristic categories relating to their contract specifications and their roles in improving returns on investments. What Are Listed Options? Listed options exchange-traded or standardized options trade on a regulated exchange, like the New York Stock Exchange, Chicago Board of Trade, and the European Options Exchange, which work with clearinghouses such as the Options Clearing Corporation. Characteristics of Listed Options Standardized Terms Listed options' specifications present universal terms and processes for all traders in the market, which stipulate: An underlying asset is an equity security, stock market index, a commodity, government debt security, foreign currency or any financial instrument that relates to an option.

One contract is equal to shares of the underlying stock. Using the previous example, a trader decides to buy five call contracts.

  • The strike price may be set by reference to the spot price market price of the underlying security or commodity on the day an option is taken out, or it may be fixed at a discount or at a premium.
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  • Notes 1.
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Premium The premium is determined by taking the price of the call and multiplying it by the number of contracts bought, then multiplying it by However, if a trader wanted to bet the stock would fall they would buy the puts.

Trading Options Options can also be sold depending on the strategy a trader is using. Continuing with the example above, if a trader thinks IBM shares are poised to rise, they can buy the call, or they can also choose to sell or write the put.

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In this case, the seller of the put would not pay a premium, but would receive the premium. Compare Accounts.

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